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2 edition of Ethnic and geographic differences in suicidality in Canadian adults: A population-based study. found in the catalog.

Ethnic and geographic differences in suicidality in Canadian adults: A population-based study.

Diana Elaine Clarke

Ethnic and geographic differences in suicidality in Canadian adults: A population-based study.

by Diana Elaine Clarke

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Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

Understanding ethnic differences in the pathways to suicidality (i.e. suicidal ideation and non-fatal attempt) is important for suicide prevention efforts in Canada. If specific ethnic groups tend to live in certain areas more so than others (i.e. rural vs. urban), it is important to investigate the intersection between ethnicity and rurality and their joint relationship with suicidality. These pathways can be conceptualized within the stress process framework. The study examined ethnic differences in the pathways to suicidality in Canadian adults and whether living rurally impacted on the pathways to suicidality for high-risk ethnic groups. Using multivariate logistic regression and path analyses, we examined the hypotheses that variations in (1) socioeconomic status, (2) social support, (3) both, and (4) the interrelatedness between sociodemographic and clinical factors could explain the relationship between ethnicity and suicidality and the impact of rurality for high-risk groups. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 was used. Both analytic methods indicated that Francophone whites and Aboriginals had higher rates of suicidality compared to Anglophone whites. Visible minorities were less likely to suffer suicidality compared to Anglophone whites (both models) but the differences were explained by variations in the mediators (path models). Despite evidence of mediation, the high rates of suicidality found in Francophone whites and Aboriginals compared to Anglophone whites were not explained. The interrelatedness between the mediators and their effects on suicidality differed for Francophone whites and Aboriginals. Furthermore, some relationships differed if these groups were urban versus rural-dwellers. Although urban and rural-dwelling Aboriginals were most disadvantaged, which exacerbated their risk for suicidality, rural-dwelling Aboriginals had stronger sense of community belonging compared to their Anglophone whites counterparts and urban-dwelling Aboriginals. Furthermore, sense of community belonging had a significant direct effect on suicidality in rural but not urban settings. Disadvantages in education, income and sense of community belonging were observed in both urban- and rural-dwelling Francophone whites with levels being slightly lower in rural settings. The pathways to suicidality differed for Francophone whites and Aboriginals and were affected by whether the group lived in urban versus rural areas. Implications for public health interventions are discussed.

The Physical Object
Pagination240 leaves.
Number of Pages240
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21549602M
ISBN 109780494220733

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Ethnic and geographic differences in suicidality in Canadian adults: A population-based study by Diana Elaine Clarke Download PDF EPUB FB2

Pathways to suicidality across ethnic groups in Canadian adults: the possible role of social stress Article in Psychological Medicine 38(3) April with 53 Reads How we measure 'reads'. For example, in a general population-based sample from the Netherlands, de Graaf et al.

found that the lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation among lesbians was % [8], and in a Canadian. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents (Anderson, ) with many more youth reporting thoughts of suicide as well as suicide attempts (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], ).While risk of death by suicide is still relatively low among children younger than 12 years of age, suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among year-olds (Hoyert, Heron Cited by:   Friendship factors have been implicated in adolescent suicidality, but this relationship has not been verified across ethnicities.

This study examined suicidality and friendship problems (i.e., social isolation, poor friendship quality, friends' school disconnection, and friends' delinquency) among Mexican-American adolescents, an understudied, vulnerable group in terms of by:   RDC projects from January - December inclusively Contract Title Principal Investigator Data Cycle A year retrospective study of predictors of fatal opioid overdoses in Canada Anees Bahji CCHS A comparison of datasets to study mobility in New.

Read chapter 2 Magnitude of the Problem: Every year, ab people die by suicide in the U.S., and somereceive emergency treatment after a. Recent studies have demonstrated that immigrants and ethnic minorities may be at higher risk of suicidal behaviour as compared to the general population.

We conducted a literature search to identify studies in English from to related to suicide risk among immigrants and ethnic minorities. Six hundred and seventy-eight reports were screened, and 43 articles were included in the Cited by:   Suicide ranks as the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and the second leading cause of death for children, adolescents, and young adults (15–24 years old).

[] Globally, an estimatedpeople take their own lives annually. [] According to the CDC, there w suicides in the United States in Geographic and socio-demographic predictors of household food insecurity in Canada, BMC Public Health, 19 (12), Abstract: Tugault-Lafleur, C.

N., Barr S. I., and Black J. Examining differences in school hour and school day dietary quality among Canadian children between and Public Health Nutrition, 22 ( and Alaska Native. Mental Health Research Vol Issue 4, American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research opyright: enters for American Indian and Alaska Native Health.

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Introduction. The use of social media platforms has steadily risen over the past decade, and recent surveys estimate that 90% of online adolescents and young adults in the United States use some kind of social networking site (Duggan & Smith, ).One of the most popular social networking sites is Twitter with 19% of online American adults using its platform (Duggan & Smith, ).Cited by: Suicidality in individuals with eating disorders may also be connected to genetics.

An Australian study (Wade et al., ) looked at over female twins with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder, and purging disorder (PD)], suicidality (ranging transitory thoughts to suicide attempts), and major depression. Mental Health Resource Review. RELEASE DATE 09/09/ Chapter 1: Mental Health Resource Review Introduction.

travenous glucose. Whether ethnic differences in glucose or FFA flux are present after a mixed meal (MM) is unknown. Methods: We measured plasma glucose, FFA and insulin concentrations during a 3h insulin-modified frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test and 6h after a MM in 13 AA and 15 Caucasian (CC) obese premenopausal women File Size: 1MB.

Efficacy and Safety of JZP in a Phase 3, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Randomized Withdrawal Study in Adults with Narcolepsy with Cataplexy Nancy R. Foldvary-Schaefer, DO, FAAN Cleveland. -Clinical Characteristics covers the symptoms and sequelae of pathological gambling and the differences among adolescents, older adults, and men and women, and shows that pathological gamblingArather than being categorized as a single disorderAshares important features with many disorders, among them obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders.Fish oil can be obtained from eating fish or by taking that are especially rich in the beneficial oils known as omega-3 fatty acids include mackerel, herring, tuna, salmon, cod liver, whale blubber, and seal of the most important omega-3 fatty acids contained in fish oil are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Summary: Australia’s National Firearms Agreement (NFA) banned several types of firearms and resulted in the government buying hundreds of thousands of the banned weapons from their owners. Studies examining the effect of removing so many weapons from the community have found that homicides, suicides, and mass shootings were less common after the NFA was implemented.